UPDATED KNOWLEDGE ON MALARIA VECTORS IN MALAYSIA: A SCOPING REVIEW
Journal: Environment & Ecosystem Science (EES)
Author: Rafidah Ali, Wan Najdah WM Ali, Perada W Putit
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Malaria is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. The list of human and zoonotic malaria vectors in Malaysia is being updated in this scoping review. Search were conducted at four electronic bases. Title, abstract, and full-text reviews were used to determine which studies were eligible for further assessment. A total of 631 papers were identified until June 2021, yielded to 30 studies were reviewed. Human malaria vectors in Malaysia are identified as Anopheles maculatus, Anopheles sundaicus, Anopheles balabacensis, Anopheles donaldi, Anopheles campestris and Anopheles flavirostris. Vector for zoonotic malaria are Anopheles balabacensis, Anopheles introlatus, Anopheles cracens, Anopheles letifer, Anopheles donaldi, Anopheles hackeri, Anopheles latens, Anopheles collesi and Anopheles roperi. On the other hand, Anopheles aconitus, Anopheles kochi and Anopheles pujutensis are recognized as the potential malaria vectors. In order to implement effective mosquito control measures, it is crucial to comprehend and be knowledgeable about malaria vector profile. This will help stakeholder to develop and establish holistic and efficient strategy framework for integrated vector management (IVM) and develop new strategies for the elimination of malaria based on available evidence.