EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK AND IDENTIFYING STRATEGIES FOR ADAPTATION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Journal: Environment & Ecosystem Science (EES)
Author: Bernard Moeketsi Hlalele
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Sub-Saharan Africa is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, such as droughts, floods, and desertification, which threaten local communities. The purpose of this study was to review existing literature on the impact of climate change on disaster risk in sub-Saharan Africa and identify adaptation strategies to mitigate these effects. A comprehensive search of academic databases was conducted, and identified studies were analysed thematically. The study found that climate change intensifies extreme weather events, resulting in waterborne diseases, displacement, food insecurity, and famine. Poverty and gender-specific challenges further contribute to vulnerability. Effective adaptation strategies include climate-smart agriculture, improved infrastructure and early warning systems, and community-based disaster risk reduction. Integrating adaptation and risk reduction into development plans at national and local levels is crucial. Partnerships and innovative financing mechanisms can help overcome implementation challenges. Addressing gender-specific issues and involving local communities in adaptation design and implementation are also important. In conclusion, enhancing the resilience of vulnerable communities in sub-Saharan Africa requires comprehensive adaptation measures integrated with development plans.